The celebration of Semana Santa recalls the events of the last week of the life of Jesus (As a guide, I will place here only a brief summary of what happened in Semana Santa, which will be expanded in a later article).
This Sunday is celebrated the entrance of Jesus to Jerusalem, also known as the triumphal entry (Matthew 21: 1-11).
It is considered that on this day the second expulsion of the merchants from the Temple of Jerusalem took place (Matthew 21: 12-17).
On Holy Tuesday
This day Jesus confronted the Pharisees and Sadducees in the temple. In the afternoon, Jesus pronounced the prophecies of the Olivet Discourse that are compiled in Matthew 23-25 and in Joseph Smith Matthew.
On Wednesday ... in all honesty, nobody knows what happened on Wednesday. The gospels are silent about this day. Anyway, the popular celebrations take advantage to remember the plot and betrayal of Judas Iscariot.
Jesus instituted this day the ordinance of the Holy Supper, washed the feet of Peter and performed the atonement in the Garden of Gethsemane. At the end of this sublime act, he was kissed by Judas Iscariot, arrested and taken to the illegal trial in the house of Caiaphas (Luke 22, Matthew 26, Juan 14-16).
After being judged by the Sanhedrin, Jesus was taken to another civil trial, in the court of Pontius Pilate. After being condemned to death, he was scourged and ridiculed and forced to carry his own cross on the way to Golgotha. There he was crucified and died. Later he was buried in a tomb lent by Joseph of Arimathea (John 19, Luke 23, Matthew 27).
This Saturday the Jews had it as a Sabbath and did not take any action. The body of Jesus rested in the tomb, but his spirit was still alive. The apostle Peter informs us how Jesus visited the spirit world and organized there the preaching of the gospel to the imprisoned spirits in the spiritual prison (DyC 138, 1 Pedro 3: 18-21, 1 Pedro 4: 6)
The four Gospels let us know that Jesus was resurrected on Sunday, so from that time forward, Sunday was known as "the Lord's day." From then on, the celebration of the Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday changed for Christians, as can be seen in the New Testament.
Holy Week and Latter-day Saints
Incredible as it may seem, while the rest of the Christian world only commemorates the passion, atonement, death and resurrection of Jesus once a year (and, often, only in the form of holidays and festivities), Latter-day Saints celebrate all these events of what happened in Semana Santa every week, in the form of the ordinance of the Holy Supper. This ordinance is a representation and celebration of the atonement, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ and, for Latter-day Saints, is intimately related to the ordinance of the bautismo.
It should also be noted that, more than in the death of Jesus, the doctrine of the Latter-day Saints concentrates more on the aspects of his atonement and resurrection, since it is considered that the hope of eternal life is in these aspects, that they guarantee the forgiveness and the resurrection of all faithful Christians and without which their death, in reality, would have made no sense.